Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Tingkat Kecemasan Perawat Covid-19 Selama Pandemi di Indonesia

Rudi Haryanto, Zahrah Maulidia Septimar

Abstract


Latar Belakang: Perawat yang terlibat langsung dalam penanganan dan perawatan pasien COVID-19 beresiko mengalami gangguan psikologis. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi tingkat kecemasan pada perawat yang merawat pasien COVID-19 selama pandemi di Indonesia. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian cross-sectional pada 336 perawat yang merawat pasien COVID-19 di rumah sakit di berbagai wilayah di Indonesia. Pengambilan data penelitian ini menggunakan kuesioner Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) versi Indonesia, kuesioner data demografi dan kuesioner dukungan rumah sakit yang disebar secara daring melalui google form. Hasil: Hasil analisis dari 336 orang perawat COVID-19 terdapat 27% yang mengalami cemas ringan, 20,8% cemas sedang, dan 2,7% cemas berat, serta 48,8% tidak mengalami kecemasan. Tingkat depresi mempengaruhi tingkat kecemasan (p<.000, r=0.451). Dukungan rumah sakit yang baik menurunkan tingkat kecemasan (p<.000, r=-0.278). Perawat COVID-19 yang telah menikah/ berkeluarga cenderung memiliki tingkat kecemasan yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan yang masih sendiri. Kesimpulan: Status pernikahan, dukungan rumah sakit dan tingkat depresi merupakan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi tingkat kecemasan pada perawat COVID-19 di rumah sakit. Dukungan rumah sakit merupakan faktor yang signifikan mempengaruhi tingkat kecemasan.


Keywords


perawat, Covid-19, tingkat kecemasan, dukungan rumah sakit

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32667/ijid.v6i1.90

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